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Elucidation of Abnormal Extracellular Regulated Kinase (ERK) Signaling and Associations with Syndromic and Non-syndromic Autism

[ Vol. 22 , Issue. 9 ]

Author(s):

Aarti Tiwari, Saloni Rahi and Sidharth Mehan*   Pages 1071 - 1086 ( 16 )

Abstract:


Autism is a highly inherited and extremely complex disorder in which results from various cases indicate chromosome anomalies, unusual single-gene mutations, and multiplicative effects of particular gene variants, characterized primarily by impaired speech and social interaction and restricted behavior. The precise etiology of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is currently unclear. The extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling mechanism affects neurogenesis and neuronal plasticity during the development of the central nervous mechanism. In this regard, the pathway of ERK has recently gained significant interest in the pathogenesis of ASD. The mutation occurs in a few ERK components. Besides, the ERK pathway dysfunction lies in the upstream of modified translation and contributes to synapse pathology in syndromic types of autism. In this review, we highlight the ERK pathway as a target for neurodevelopmental disorder autism. In addition, we summarize the regulation of the ERK pathway with ERK inhibitors in neurological disorders. In conclusion, a better understanding of the ERK signaling pathway provides a range of therapeutic options for autism spectrum disorder.

Keywords:

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD), ERK pathway, RASopathy, Syndromic autism, non-syndromic autism, chromosome anomalies.

Affiliation:

Neuropharmacology Division, Department of Pharmacology, ISF College of Pharmacy, Moga, Punjab, Neuropharmacology Division, Department of Pharmacology, ISF College of Pharmacy, Moga, Punjab, Neuropharmacology Division, Department of Pharmacology, ISF College of Pharmacy, Moga, Punjab

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