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Faecal Microbiota Transplantation in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Current Concepts and Future Challenges

[ Vol. 21 , Issue. 14 ]

Author(s):

Hubert Zatorski and Radislav Nakov*   Pages 1440 - 1447 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Dysbiosis has been repeatedly observed in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and is now recognized as an essential factor in the gut inflammatory process. IBD is a significant burden to health-care systems, mainly due to treatment-related costs. Available treatments have several limitations: up to 30% of patients are primary non-responders, and between 10 and 20% lose response per year, requiring a dose-escalation or a switch to another biologic. Hence, the current IBD treatment is not sufficient, and there is an urgent need to introduce new therapies in the management of these patients. Recently, the correction of dysbiosis has become an attractive approach from a therapeutic point of view. Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) appears as a reliable and potentially beneficial therapy in IBD patients. There is developing data that FMT for mild-to-moderately active UC is a safe and efficient therapy for the induction of remission. However, the current studies have different designs and have a short follow up, which makes clinical interpretation significantly difficult. There is a need for RCTs with a well-defined study cohort using FMT for the therapy of CD patients. The location, behavior, and severity of the disease should be taken into account. The goal of this manuscript is to review the data currently available on FMT and IBD, to explain FMT principles and methodology in IBD patients and to discuss some unresolved issues.

Keywords:

Crohn`s disease, inflammatory bowel disease, faecal microbiota transplantation, gut microbiota, ulcerative colitis, dysbiosis.

Affiliation:

Department of Digestive Tract Diseases,Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Clinic of Gastroenterology, Tsaritsa Yoanna University Hospital, Medical University of Sofia, Sofia



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