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Silicon Quantum Dots: Promising Theranostic Probes for the Future

Author(s):

Vishnu Sankar Sivasankarapillai, Jobin Jose, Muhammad Salman Shanavas, Akash Marathakam, Md. Sahab Uddin and Bijo Mathew*   Pages 1 - 9 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Nanotechnology has emerged as one of the leading research areas involving nanoscale manipulation of atoms and molecules. During the past decade, the growth of nanotechnology has been one of the most important developments taken place in the biomedical field. The new generation nanomaterials like Quantum dots are gaining much importance. Also, there is a growing interest in the development of nano-theranostics platforms in medical diagnostics, biomedical imaging, drug delivery etc. Quantum dots are also known as nanoscale semiconductor crystals, with unique electronic and optical properties. Recently silicon quantum dots are being studied extensively due to its less-toxic, inert nature and ease of surface modification. The silicon quantum dots (2-10nm) are comparatively stable, having optical properties of silicon nanocrystals. This review focus on silicon quantum dots and its various biomedical applications like drug delivery regenerative medicine and tissue engineering. Also, the processes involved in its modification for various biomedical applications along with the future aspects are discussed.

Keywords:

Quantom dots, Silicon, Nanotechnology, Anticancer

Affiliation:

Department of Chemistry, NSS Hindu College, Changanacherry, Kerala-686103, Department of Pharmaceutics, NSGM Institute of Pharmaceutical Science, NITTE Deemed to be University, Manglore-575018, Department of Chemistry, Sree Narayana College, Punalur, Kollam-691305, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, National College of Pharmacy, Calicut 673602, Kerala, Department of Pharmacy, Southeast University, Dhaka, Division of Drug Design and Medicinal Chemistry Research Lab, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Ahalia School of Pharmacy, Palakkad 678557, Kerala



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