Pooi Yin Chung Pages 414 - 420 ( 7 )
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the most common Gram-negative bacterium associated with nosocomial and life-threatening chronic infections in cystic fibrosis patients. This pathogen is wellknown for its ability to attach to surfaces of indwelling medical devices to form biofilms, which consist of a regular array of extracellular polymers. Tenaciously bound to the surface of devices and inherently resilient to antibiotic treatment, P. aeruginosa poses a serious threat in clinical medicine and contributes to the persistence of chronic infections. Studies on microbial biofilms in the past decade involved mainly the understanding of environment signals, genetic elements and molecular mechanisms in biofilm formation, tolerance and dispersal. The knowledge obtained from the studies of these mechanisms is crucial in the establishment of strategies to eradicate or to prevent biofilm formation. Currently, biofilm infections are usually treated with combinations of antibiotics and surgical removal, in addition to frequent replacement of the infected device. More recently, specific natural sources have been identified as antibiofilm agents against this pathogen. This review will highlight the recent progress made by plant-derived compounds against P. aeruginosa biofilm infections in both in vitro or in vivo models.
Anti-biofilm agents, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, plant-derived compounds.
Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, International Medical University, Bukit Jalil, 57000 Kuala Lumpur