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Targeted Thromboelastographic (TEG) Blood Component and Pharmacologic Hemostatic Therapy in Traumatic and Acquired Coagulopathy

[ Vol. 17 , Issue. 8 ]

Author(s):

Mark Walsh, Stephanie Fritz, Daniel Hake, Michael Son, Sarah Greve, Manar Jbara, Swetha Chitta, Braxton Fritz, Adam Miller, Mary K Bader, Jonathon McCollester, Sophia Binz, Alyson Liew-Spilger, Scott Thomas, Anton Crepinsek, Faisal Shariff, Victoria Ploplis and Francis J. Castellino   Pages 954 - 970 ( 17 )

Abstract:


Trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC) is a recently described condition which traditionally has been diagnosed by the common coagulation tests (CCTs) such as prothrombin time/international normalized ratio (PT/INR), activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), platelet count, and fibrinogen levels. The varying sensitivity and specificity of these CCTs have led trauma coagulation researchers and clinicians to use Viscoelastic Tests (VET) such as Thromboelastography (TEG) to provide Targeted Thromboelastographic Hemostatic and Adjunctive Therapy (TTHAT) in a goal directed fashion to those trauma patients in need of hemostatic resuscitation. This review describes the utility of VETs, in particular, TEG, to provide TTHAT in trauma and acquired non-trauma-induced coagulopathy.

Keywords:

Thromboelastography, point-of-care, acquired coagulopathy, blood component therapy, systemic hemostatic agents, trauma-induced coagulopathy, hemostatic resuscitation, tranexamic acid, targeted pharmacologic therapy.

Affiliation:

Memorial Hospital of South Bend, South Bend, Indiana 46601, USA.

Graphical Abstract:



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