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Nutrition in Adult Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 11 ]

Author(s):

Xavier Hebuterne, Jerome Filippi and Stephane M. Schneider   Pages 1030 - 1038 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Seventy five percent of hospitalized patients with Crohn’s disease suffer from malnutrition. One third of Crohn’s disease patients have a body mass index below 20. Sixty percent of Crohn’s disease patients have sarcopenia. However some inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients are obese or suffer from sarcopenic-obesity. IBD patients have many vitamin and nutrient deficiencies, which can lead to important consequences such as hyperhomocysteinemia, which is associated with a higher risk of thromboembolic disease. Nutritional deficiencies in IBD patients are the result of insufficient intake, malabsorption and protein-losing enteropathy as well as metabolic disturbances directly induced by the chronic disease and its treatments, in particular corticosteroids. Screening for nutritional deficiencies in chronic disease patients is warranted. Managing the deficiencies involves simple nutritional guidelines, vitamin supplements, and nutritional support in the worst cases.

Keywords:

Crohn's disease, enteral nutrition, malnutrition, metabolism, nutrition, obesity, osteopenia, parenteral nutrition, sarcopenia, ulcerative colitis, vitamins.

Affiliation:

Service de Gastro-entérologie et Nutrition Clinique Hôpital de l’Archet 2, CHU de Nice 06202 Nice cedex 03, France.



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